# Source code for ribs.archives._archive_base

```
"""Provides ArchiveBase."""
from abc import ABC, abstractmethod
import numpy as np
from ribs._utils import (check_batch_shape, check_finite, check_is_1d,
check_shape, parse_float_dtype, validate_batch,
validate_single)
from ribs.archives._archive_data_frame import ArchiveDataFrame
from ribs.archives._archive_stats import ArchiveStats
from ribs.archives._array_store import ArrayStore
from ribs.archives._cqd_score_result import CQDScoreResult
from ribs.archives._transforms import (batch_entries_with_threshold,
compute_best_index,
compute_objective_sum,
single_entry_with_threshold)
_ARCHIVE_FIELDS = {"index", "solution", "objective", "measures", "threshold"}
[docs]class ArchiveBase(ABC):
# pylint: disable = too-many-instance-attributes, too-many-public-methods
"""Base class for archives.
This class composes archives using an :class:`ArrayStore` that has
"solution", "objective", "measures", and "threshold" fields.
Child classes typically override the following methods:
- ``__init__``: Child classes must invoke this class's ``__init__`` with the
appropriate arguments.
- :meth:`index_of`: Returns integer indices into the arrays above when
given a batch of measures. Usually, each index has a meaning, e.g. in
:class:`~ribs.archives.CVTArchive` it is the index of a centroid.
Documentation for this method should describe the meaning of the index.
.. note:: Attributes beginning with an underscore are only intended to be
accessed by child classes (i.e. they are "protected" attributes).
.. note:: The idea of archive thresholds was introduced in `Fontaine 2022
<https://arxiv.org/abs/2205.10752>`_. Refer to our `CMA-MAE tutorial
<../../tutorials/cma_mae.html>`_ for more info on thresholds, including
the ``learning_rate`` and ``threshold_min`` parameters.
Args:
solution_dim (int): Dimension of the solution space.
cells (int): Number of cells in the archive. This is used to create the
numpy arrays described above for storing archive info.
measure_dim (int): The dimension of the measure space.
learning_rate (float): The learning rate for threshold updates. Defaults
to 1.0.
threshold_min (float): The initial threshold value for all the cells.
qd_score_offset (float): Archives often contain negative objective
values, and if the QD score were to be computed with these negative
objectives, the algorithm would be penalized for adding new cells
with negative objectives. Thus, a standard practice is to normalize
all the objectives so that they are non-negative by introducing an
offset. This QD score offset will be *subtracted* from all
objectives in the archive, e.g., if your objectives go as low as
-300, pass in -300 so that each objective will be transformed as
``objective - (-300)``.
seed (int): Value to seed the random number generator. Set to None to
avoid a fixed seed.
dtype (str or data-type): Data type of the solutions, objectives,
and measures. We only support ``"f"`` / ``np.float32`` and ``"d"`` /
``np.float64``.
extra_fields (dict): Description of extra fields of data that is stored
next to elite data like solutions and objectives. The description is
a dict mapping from a field name (str) to a tuple of ``(shape,
dtype)``. For instance, ``{"foo": ((), np.float32), "bar": ((10,),
np.float32)}`` will create a "foo" field that contains scalar values
and a "bar" field that contains 10D values. Note that field names
must be valid Python identifiers, and names already used in the
archive are not allowed.
Attributes:
_rng (numpy.random.Generator): Random number generator, used in
particular for generating random elites.
_store (ribs.archives.ArrayStore): The underlying ArrayStore containing
data for the archive.
Raises:
ValueError: Invalid values for learning_rate and threshold_min.
ValueError: Invalid names in extra_fields.
"""
def __init__(self,
*,
solution_dim,
cells,
measure_dim,
learning_rate=None,
threshold_min=-np.inf,
qd_score_offset=0.0,
seed=None,
dtype=np.float64,
extra_fields=None):
self._dtype = parse_float_dtype(dtype)
self._seed = seed
self._rng = np.random.default_rng(seed)
self._cells = cells
self._solution_dim = solution_dim
self._measure_dim = measure_dim
self._qd_score_offset = self._dtype(qd_score_offset)
if threshold_min != -np.inf and learning_rate is None:
raise ValueError(
"You set threshold_min without setting learning_rate. "
"Please note that threshold_min is only used in CMA-MAE; "
"it is not intended to be used for only filtering archive "
"solutions. If you would like to run CMA-MAE, please also set "
"learning_rate.")
if learning_rate is None:
learning_rate = 1.0 # Default value.
if threshold_min == -np.inf and learning_rate != 1.0:
raise ValueError("threshold_min can only be -np.inf if "
"learning_rate is 1.0")
self._learning_rate = self._dtype(learning_rate)
self._threshold_min = self._dtype(threshold_min)
self._stats = None
self._best_elite = None
# Sum of all objective values in the archive; useful for computing
# qd_score and obj_mean.
self._objective_sum = None
self._stats_reset()
extra_fields = extra_fields or {}
if _ARCHIVE_FIELDS & extra_fields.keys():
raise ValueError("The following names are not allowed in "
f"extra_fields: {_ARCHIVE_FIELDS}")
self._store = ArrayStore(
field_desc={
"solution": ((solution_dim,), self.dtype),
"objective": ((), self.dtype),
"measures": ((measure_dim,), self.dtype),
"threshold": ((), self.dtype),
**extra_fields,
},
capacity=self._cells,
)
@property
def field_list(self):
"""list: List of data fields in the archive."""
return self._store.field_list
@property
def cells(self):
"""int: Total number of cells in the archive."""
return self._cells
@property
def measure_dim(self):
"""int: Dimensionality of the measure space."""
return self._measure_dim
@property
def solution_dim(self):
"""int: Dimensionality of the solutions in the archive."""
return self._solution_dim
@property
def learning_rate(self):
"""float: The learning rate for threshold updates."""
return self._learning_rate
@property
def threshold_min(self):
"""float: The initial threshold value for all the cells."""
return self._threshold_min
@property
def qd_score_offset(self):
"""float: The offset which is subtracted from objective values when
computing the QD score."""
return self._qd_score_offset
@property
def stats(self):
""":class:`ArchiveStats`: Statistics about the archive.
See :class:`ArchiveStats` for more info.
"""
return self._stats
@property
def best_elite(self):
"""dict: The elite with the highest objective in the archive.
None if there are no elites in the archive.
.. note::
If the archive is non-elitist (this occurs when using the archive
with a learning rate which is not 1.0, as in CMA-MAE), then this
best elite may no longer exist in the archive because it was
replaced with an elite with a lower objective value. This can happen
because in non-elitist archives, new solutions only need to exceed
the *threshold* of the cell they are being inserted into, not the
*objective* of the elite currently in the cell. See :pr:`314` for
more info.
.. note::
The best elite will contain a "threshold" key. This threshold is the
threshold of the best elite's cell after the best elite was inserted
into the archive.
"""
return self._best_elite
@property
def dtype(self):
"""data-type: The dtype of the solutions, objective, and measures."""
return self._dtype
@property
def empty(self):
"""bool: Whether the archive is empty."""
return len(self._store) == 0
[docs] def __iter__(self):
"""Creates an iterator over the elites in the archive.
Example:
::
for elite in archive:
elite["solution"]
elite["objective"]
...
"""
return iter(self._store)
[docs] def clear(self):
"""Removes all elites from the archive.
After this method is called, the archive will be :attr:`empty`.
"""
self._store.clear()
self._stats_reset()
[docs] @abstractmethod
def index_of(self, measures):
"""Returns archive indices for the given batch of measures.
If you need to retrieve the index of the measures for a *single*
solution, consider using :meth:`index_of_single`.
Args:
measures (array-like): (batch_size, :attr:`measure_dim`) array of
coordinates in measure space.
Returns:
(numpy.ndarray): (batch_size,) array with the indices of the
batch of measures in the archive's storage arrays.
"""
[docs] def index_of_single(self, measures):
"""Returns the index of the measures for one solution.
While :meth:`index_of` takes in a *batch* of measures, this method takes
in the measures for only *one* solution. If :meth:`index_of` is
implemented correctly, this method should work immediately (i.e. `"out
of the box" <https://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/Out-of-the-Box>`_).
Args:
measures (array-like): (:attr:`measure_dim`,) array of measures for
a single solution.
Returns:
int or numpy.integer: Integer index of the measures in the archive's
storage arrays.
Raises:
ValueError: ``measures`` is not of shape (:attr:`measure_dim`,).
ValueError: ``measures`` has non-finite values (inf or NaN).
"""
measures = np.asarray(measures)
check_shape(measures, "measures", self.measure_dim, "measure_dim")
check_finite(measures, "measures")
return self.index_of(measures[None])[0]
def _stats_reset(self):
"""Resets the archive stats."""
self._stats = ArchiveStats(
num_elites=0,
coverage=self.dtype(0.0),
qd_score=self.dtype(0.0),
norm_qd_score=self.dtype(0.0),
obj_max=None,
obj_mean=None,
)
self._best_elite = None
self._objective_sum = self.dtype(0.0)
def _stats_update(self, new_objective_sum, new_best_index):
"""Updates statistics based on a new sum of objective values
(new_objective_sum) and the index of a potential new best elite
(new_best_index)."""
self._objective_sum = new_objective_sum
new_qd_score = (self._objective_sum -
self.dtype(len(self)) * self._qd_score_offset)
_, new_best_elite = self._store.retrieve([new_best_index])
if (self._stats.obj_max is None or
new_best_elite["objective"] > self._stats.obj_max):
# Convert batched values to single values.
new_best_elite = {k: v[0] for k, v in new_best_elite.items()}
new_obj_max = new_best_elite["objective"]
self._best_elite = new_best_elite
else:
new_obj_max = self._stats.obj_max
self._stats = ArchiveStats(
num_elites=len(self),
coverage=self.dtype(len(self) / self.cells),
qd_score=new_qd_score,
norm_qd_score=self.dtype(new_qd_score / self.cells),
obj_max=new_obj_max,
obj_mean=self._objective_sum / self.dtype(len(self)),
)
[docs] def add(self, solution, objective, measures, **fields):
"""Inserts a batch of solutions into the archive.
Each solution is only inserted if it has a higher ``objective`` than the
threshold of the corresponding cell. For the default values of
``learning_rate`` and ``threshold_min``, this threshold is simply the
objective value of the elite previously in the cell. If multiple
solutions in the batch end up in the same cell, we only insert the
solution with the highest objective. If multiple solutions end up in the
same cell and tie for the highest objective, we insert the solution that
appears first in the batch.
For the default values of ``learning_rate`` and ``threshold_min``, the
threshold for each cell is updated by taking the maximum objective value
among all the solutions that landed in the cell, resulting in the same
behavior as in the vanilla MAP-Elites archive. However, for other
settings, the threshold is updated with the batch update rule described
in the appendix of `Fontaine 2022 <https://arxiv.org/abs/2205.10752>`_.
.. note:: The indices of all arguments should "correspond" to each
other, i.e. ``solution[i]``, ``objective[i]``,
``measures[i]``, and should be the solution parameters,
objective, and measures for solution ``i``.
Args:
solution (array-like): (batch_size, :attr:`solution_dim`) array of
solution parameters.
objective (array-like): (batch_size,) array with objective function
evaluations of the solutions.
measures (array-like): (batch_size, :attr:`measure_dim`) array with
measure space coordinates of all the solutions.
fields (keyword arguments): Additional data for each solution. Each
argument should be an array with batch_size as the first
dimension.
Returns:
dict: Information describing the result of the add operation. The
dict contains the following keys:
- ``"status"`` (:class:`numpy.ndarray` of :class:`int`): An array of
integers that represent the "status" obtained when attempting to
insert each solution in the batch. Each item has the following
possible values:
- ``0``: The solution was not added to the archive.
- ``1``: The solution improved the objective value of a cell
which was already in the archive.
- ``2``: The solution discovered a new cell in the archive.
All statuses (and values, below) are computed with respect to the
*current* archive. For example, if two solutions both introduce
the same new archive cell, then both will be marked with ``2``.
The alternative is to depend on the order of the solutions in the
batch -- for example, if we have two solutions ``a`` and ``b``
which introduce the same new cell in the archive, ``a`` could be
inserted first with status ``2``, and ``b`` could be inserted
second with status ``1`` because it improves upon ``a``. However,
our implementation does **not** do this.
To convert statuses to a more semantic format, cast all statuses
to :class:`AddStatus` e.g. with ``[AddStatus(s) for s in
add_info["status"]]``.
- ``"value"`` (:class:`numpy.ndarray` of :attr:`dtype`): An array
with values for each solution in the batch. With the default
values of ``learning_rate = 1.0`` and ``threshold_min = -np.inf``,
the meaning of each value depends on the corresponding ``status``
and is identical to that in CMA-ME (`Fontaine 2020
<https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.02400>`_):
- ``0`` (not added): The value is the "negative improvement," i.e.
the objective of the solution passed in minus the objective of
the elite still in the archive (this value is negative because
the solution did not have a high enough objective to be added to
the archive).
- ``1`` (improve existing cell): The value is the "improvement,"
i.e. the objective of the solution passed in minus the objective
of the elite previously in the archive.
- ``2`` (new cell): The value is just the objective of the
solution.
In contrast, for other values of ``learning_rate`` and
``threshold_min``, each value is equivalent to the objective value
of the solution minus the threshold of its corresponding cell in
the archive.
Raises:
ValueError: The array arguments do not match their specified shapes.
ValueError: ``objective`` or ``measures`` has non-finite values (inf
or NaN).
"""
data = validate_batch(
self,
{
"solution": solution,
"objective": objective,
"measures": measures,
**fields,
},
)
add_info = self._store.add(
self.index_of(data["measures"]),
data,
{
"dtype": self._dtype,
"learning_rate": self._learning_rate,
"threshold_min": self._threshold_min,
"objective_sum": self._objective_sum,
},
[
batch_entries_with_threshold,
compute_objective_sum,
compute_best_index,
],
)
objective_sum = add_info.pop("objective_sum")
best_index = add_info.pop("best_index")
if not np.all(add_info["status"] == 0):
self._stats_update(objective_sum, best_index)
return add_info
[docs] def add_single(self, solution, objective, measures, **fields):
"""Inserts a single solution into the archive.
The solution is only inserted if it has a higher ``objective`` than the
threshold of the corresponding cell. For the default values of
``learning_rate`` and ``threshold_min``, this threshold is simply the
objective value of the elite previously in the cell. The threshold is
also updated if the solution was inserted.
.. note::
To make it more amenable to modifications, this method's
implementation is designed to be readable at the cost of
performance, e.g., none of its operations are modified. If you need
performance, we recommend using :meth:`add`.
Args:
solution (array-like): Parameters of the solution.
objective (float): Objective function evaluation of the solution.
measures (array-like): Coordinates in measure space of the solution.
fields (keyword arguments): Additional data for the solution.
Returns:
dict: Information describing the result of the add operation. The
dict contains ``status`` and ``value`` keys; refer to :meth:`add`
for the meaning of status and value.
Raises:
ValueError: The array arguments do not match their specified shapes.
ValueError: ``objective`` is non-finite (inf or NaN) or ``measures``
has non-finite values.
"""
data = validate_single(
self,
{
"solution": solution,
"objective": objective,
"measures": measures,
**fields,
},
)
for name, arr in data.items():
data[name] = np.expand_dims(arr, axis=0)
add_info = self._store.add(
np.expand_dims(self.index_of_single(measures), axis=0),
data,
{
"dtype": self._dtype,
"learning_rate": self._learning_rate,
"threshold_min": self._threshold_min,
"objective_sum": self._objective_sum,
},
[
single_entry_with_threshold,
compute_objective_sum,
compute_best_index,
],
)
objective_sum = add_info.pop("objective_sum")
best_index = add_info.pop("best_index")
for name, arr in add_info.items():
add_info[name] = arr[0]
if add_info["status"]:
self._stats_update(objective_sum, best_index)
return add_info
[docs] def retrieve(self, measures):
"""Retrieves the elites with measures in the same cells as the measures
specified.
This method operates in batch, i.e., it takes in a batch of measures and
outputs the batched data for the elites::
occupied, elites = archive.retrieve(...)
elites["solution"] # Shape: (batch_size, solution_dim)
elites["objective"]
elites["measures"]
elites["threshold"]
elites["index"]
If the cell associated with ``elites["measures"][i]`` has an elite in
it, then ``occupied[i]`` will be True. Furthermore,
``elites["solution"][i]``, ``elites["objective"][i]``,
``elites["measures"][i]``, ``elites["threshold"][i]``, and
``elites["index"][i]`` will be set to the properties of the elite. Note
that ``elites["measures"][i]`` may not be equal to the ``measures[i]``
passed as an argument, since the measures only need to be in the same
archive cell.
If the cell associated with ``measures[i]`` *does not* have any elite in
it, then ``occupied[i]`` will be set to False. Furthermore, the
corresponding outputs will be set to empty values -- namely:
* NaN for floating-point fields
* -1 for the "index" field
* 0 for integer fields
* None for object fields
If you need to retrieve a *single* elite associated with some measures,
consider using :meth:`retrieve_single`.
Args:
measures (array-like): (batch_size, :attr:`measure_dim`) array of
coordinates in measure space.
Returns:
tuple: 2-element tuple of (occupied array, dict). The occupied array
indicates whether each of the cells indicated by the coordinates in
``measures`` has an elite, while the dict contains the data of those
elites. The dict maps from field name to the corresponding array.
Raises:
ValueError: ``measures`` is not of shape (batch_size,
:attr:`measure_dim`).
ValueError: ``measures`` has non-finite values (inf or NaN).
"""
measures = np.asarray(measures)
check_batch_shape(measures, "measures", self.measure_dim, "measure_dim")
check_finite(measures, "measures")
occupied, data = self._store.retrieve(self.index_of(measures))
unoccupied = ~occupied
for name, arr in data.items():
if arr.dtype == object:
fill_val = None
elif name == "index":
fill_val = -1
elif np.issubdtype(arr.dtype, np.integer):
fill_val = 0
else: # Floating-point and other fields.
fill_val = np.nan
arr[unoccupied] = fill_val
return occupied, data
[docs] def retrieve_single(self, measures):
"""Retrieves the elite with measures in the same cell as the measures
specified.
While :meth:`retrieve` takes in a *batch* of measures, this method takes
in the measures for only *one* solution and returns a single bool and a
dict with single entries.
Args:
measures (array-like): (:attr:`measure_dim`,) array of measures.
Returns:
tuple: If there is an elite with measures in the same cell as the
measures specified, then this method returns a True value and a dict
where all the fields hold the info of the elite. Otherwise, this
method returns a False value and a dict filled with the same "empty"
values described in :meth:`retrieve`.
Raises:
ValueError: ``measures`` is not of shape (:attr:`measure_dim`,).
ValueError: ``measures`` has non-finite values (inf or NaN).
"""
measures = np.asarray(measures)
check_shape(measures, "measures", self.measure_dim, "measure_dim")
check_finite(measures, "measures")
occupied, data = self.retrieve(measures[None])
return occupied[0], {field: arr[0] for field, arr in data.items()}
[docs] def sample_elites(self, n):
"""Randomly samples elites from the archive.
Currently, this sampling is done uniformly at random. Furthermore, each
sample is done independently, so elites may be repeated in the sample.
Additional sampling methods may be supported in the future.
Example:
::
elites = archive.sample_elites(16)
elites["solution"] # Shape: (16, solution_dim)
elites["objective"]
...
Args:
n (int): Number of elites to sample.
Returns:
dict: Holds a batch of elites randomly selected from the archive.
Raises:
IndexError: The archive is empty.
"""
if self.empty:
raise IndexError("No elements in archive.")
random_indices = self._rng.integers(len(self._store), size=n)
selected_indices = self._store.occupied_list[random_indices]
_, elites = self._store.retrieve(selected_indices)
return elites
[docs] def data(self, fields=None, return_type="dict"):
"""Retrieves data for all elites in the archive.
Args:
fields (str or array-like of str): List of fields to include. By
default, all fields will be included, with an additional "index"
as the last field ("index" can also be placed anywhere in this
list). This can also be a single str indicating a field name.
return_type (str): Type of data to return. See below. Ignored if
``fields`` is a str.
Returns:
The data for all entries in the archive. If ``fields`` was a single
str, this will just be an array holding data for the given field.
Otherwise, this data can take the following forms, depending on the
``return_type`` argument:
- ``return_type="dict"``: Dict mapping from the field name to the
field data at the given indices. An example is::
{
"solution": [[1.0, 1.0, ...], ...],
"objective": [1.5, ...],
"measures": [[1.0, 2.0], ...],
"threshold": [0.8, ...],
"index": [4, ...],
}
Observe that we also return the indices as an ``index`` entry in
the dict. The keys in this dict can be modified with the
``fields`` arg; duplicate fields will be ignored since the dict
stores unique keys.
- ``return_type="tuple"``: Tuple of arrays matching the field order
given in ``fields``. For instance, if ``fields`` was
``["objective", "measures"]``, we would receive a tuple of
``(objective_arr, measures_arr)``. In this case, the results
from ``retrieve`` could be unpacked as::
objective, measures = archive.data(["objective", "measures"],
return_type="tuple")
Unlike with the ``dict`` return type, duplicate fields will show
up as duplicate entries in the tuple, e.g.,
``fields=["objective", "objective"]`` will result in two
objective arrays being returned.
By default, (i.e., when ``fields=None``), the fields in the tuple
will be ordered according to the :attr:`field_list` along with
``index`` as the last field.
- ``return_type="pandas"``: A
:class:`~ribs.archives.ArchiveDataFrame` with the following
columns:
- For fields that are scalars, a single column with the field
name. For example, ``objective`` would have a single column
called ``objective``.
- For fields that are 1D arrays, multiple columns with the name
suffixed by its index. For instance, if we have a ``measures``
field of length 10, we create 10 columns with names
``measures_0``, ``measures_1``, ..., ``measures_9``. We do not
currently support fields with >1D data.
- 1 column of integers (``np.int32``) for the index, named
``index``.
In short, the dataframe might look like this by default:
+------------+------+-----------+------------+------+-----------+-------+
| solution_0 | ... | objective | measures_0 | ... | threshold | index |
+============+======+===========+============+======+===========+=======+
| | ... | | | ... | | |
+------------+------+-----------+------------+------+-----------+-------+
Like the other return types, the columns can be adjusted with
the ``fields`` parameter.
All data returned by this method will be a copy, i.e., the data will
not update as the archive changes.
""" # pylint: disable = line-too-long
data = self._store.data(fields, return_type)
if return_type == "pandas":
data = ArchiveDataFrame(data)
return data
[docs] def as_pandas(self, include_solutions=True, include_metadata=False):
"""DEPRECATED."""
# pylint: disable = unused-argument
raise RuntimeError(
"as_pandas has been deprecated. Please use "
"archive.data(..., return_type='pandas') instead, or consider "
"retrieving individual fields, e.g., "
"objective = archive.data('objective')")
[docs] def cqd_score(self,
iterations,
target_points,
penalties,
obj_min,
obj_max,
dist_max=None,
dist_ord=None):
"""Computes the CQD score of the archive.
The Continuous Quality Diversity (CQD) score was introduced in
`Kent 2022 <https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3520304.3534018>`_.
.. note:: This method by default assumes that the archive has an
``upper_bounds`` and ``lower_bounds`` property which delineate the
bounds of the measure space, as is the case in
:class:`~ribs.archives.GridArchive`,
:class:`~ribs.archives.CVTArchive`, and
:class:`~ribs.archives.SlidingBoundariesArchive`. If this is not
the case, ``dist_max`` must be passed in, and ``target_points`` must
be an array of custom points.
Args:
iterations (int): Number of times to compute the CQD score. We
return the mean CQD score across these iterations.
target_points (int or array-like): Number of target points to
generate, or an (iterations, n, measure_dim) array which
lists n target points to list on each iteration. When an int is
passed, the points are sampled uniformly within the bounds of
the measure space.
penalties (int or array-like): Number of penalty values over which
to compute the score (the values are distributed evenly over the
range [0,1]). Alternatively, this may be a 1D array which
explicitly lists the penalty values. Known as :math:`\\theta` in
Kent 2022.
obj_min (float): Minimum objective value, used when normalizing the
objectives.
obj_max (float): Maximum objective value, used when normalizing the
objectives.
dist_max (float): Maximum distance between points in measure space.
Defaults to the distance between the extremes of the measure
space bounds (the type of distance is computed with the order
specified by ``dist_ord``). Known as :math:`\\delta_{max}` in
Kent 2022.
dist_ord: Order of the norm to use for calculating measure space
distance; this is passed to :func:`numpy.linalg.norm` as the
``ord`` argument. See :func:`numpy.linalg.norm` for possible
values. The default is to use Euclidean distance (L2 norm).
Returns:
The mean CQD score obtained with ``iterations`` rounds of
calculations.
Raises:
RuntimeError: The archive does not have the bounds properties
mentioned above, and dist_max is not specified or the target
points are not provided.
ValueError: target_points or penalties is an array with the wrong
shape.
"""
if (not (hasattr(self, "upper_bounds") and
hasattr(self, "lower_bounds")) and
(dist_max is None or np.isscalar(target_points))):
raise RuntimeError(
"When the archive does not have lower_bounds and "
"upper_bounds properties, dist_max must be specified, "
"and target_points must be an array")
if np.isscalar(target_points):
# pylint: disable = no-member
target_points = self._rng.uniform(
low=self.lower_bounds,
high=self.upper_bounds,
size=(iterations, target_points, self.measure_dim),
)
else:
# Copy since we return this.
target_points = np.copy(target_points)
if (target_points.ndim != 3 or
target_points.shape[0] != iterations or
target_points.shape[2] != self.measure_dim):
raise ValueError(
"Expected target_points to be a 3D array with "
f"shape ({iterations}, n, {self.measure_dim}) "
"(i.e. shape (iterations, n, measure_dim)) but it had "
f"shape {target_points.shape}")
if dist_max is None:
# pylint: disable = no-member
dist_max = np.linalg.norm(self.upper_bounds - self.lower_bounds,
ord=dist_ord)
if np.isscalar(penalties):
penalties = np.linspace(0, 1, penalties)
else:
penalties = np.copy(penalties) # Copy since we return this.
check_is_1d(penalties, "penalties")
objective_batch = self._store.data("objective")
measures_batch = self._store.data("measures")
norm_objectives = objective_batch / (obj_max - obj_min)
scores = np.zeros(iterations)
for itr in range(iterations):
# Distance calculation -- start by taking the difference between
# each measure i and all the target points.
distances = measures_batch[:, None] - target_points[itr]
# (len(archive), n_target_points) array of distances.
distances = np.linalg.norm(distances, ord=dist_ord, axis=2)
norm_distances = distances / dist_max
for penalty in penalties:
# Known as omega in Kent 2022 -- a (len(archive),
# n_target_points) array.
values = norm_objectives[:, None] - penalty * norm_distances
# (n_target_points,) array.
max_values_per_target = np.max(values, axis=0)
scores[itr] += np.sum(max_values_per_target)
return CQDScoreResult(
iterations=iterations,
mean=np.mean(scores),
scores=scores,
target_points=target_points,
penalties=penalties,
obj_min=obj_min,
obj_max=obj_max,
dist_max=dist_max,
dist_ord=dist_ord,
)
```